Foreign Direct Investment in Times of Crisis
Lauge N. Skovgaard Poulsen
London School of Economics and Political Science
Gary Clyde Hufbauer
Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics; Institute for International Economics
January 25, 2011
Peterson Institute for International Economics Working Paper No. 11-3
This paper compares the current foreign direct investment (FDI) recession with FDI responses to past economic crises. The authors find that although developed country outflows have taken an equally big hit as major developed countries have after past crises, outflows seem to be bouncing back more slowly this time. By contrast with the overall decline in recent years, inflows to emerging markets often remained stable during their past economic crises. Both patterns indicate that the global scale of the current crisis has led to a greater FDI response than after individual country crises in the past. Compared with global economic downturns since the 1970s, the current FDI recession has also been greater in magnitude. The exception is the FDI plunge in the early 2000s, despite the much smaller economic crisis at the time. The authors conclude by recommending that policymakers not just further liberalize FDI regimes - as they find was the typical pattern during earlier crises - but rather use the downturn to rethink their FDI policies with an enhanced focus on "sustainable FDI" promotion.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 19
Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment, Investment Policy, Trade Policy, Protectionism, International Investment Agreements, Economic Crises, Financial Crises
JEL Classification: F13, F21, F23working papers series
Date posted: January 29, 2011
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