Ethnic Identity and Labor-Market Outcomes of Immigrants in Europe
New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics; New York University (NYU) - Center for Experimental Social Science (CESS); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Università di Roma "La Sapienza"; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF)
Paris School of Economics (PSE); Delta - Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
Stockholm University; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IUI); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
January 1, 2011
CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP8212
Using data from the European Social Survey on most European countries, we look at the relationship between ethnic identity and employment prospects for immigrants from non-European countries. We find that a strong attachment to religion is associated with a lower probability of being employed. When we differentiate between first and second generations of immigrants, our evidence reveals signs of a cultural and economic integration of immigrants in Europe. However, when an extreme ethnic sentiment is preserved, the employment penalty is amplified. Our results also suggest that the strength of a person's ethnic identity and its relationship with employment prospects may depend on the type of integration policy performed in the country where the immigrant lives. In particular, labor-market policies and family-reunion policies seem to facilitate the labor-market access to immigrants coming from non-European countries.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 38
Keywords: ethnic identity, first- and second-generation immigrants, integration policies, religion
JEL Classification: A14, J15, J18, Z19
Date posted: January 31, 2011
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