Common Knowledge in Legal Reasoning About Evidence
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
University of Winnipeg - Department of Philosophy
International Commentary on Evidence, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 1-42, 2005
It is shown how tools of argument analysis currently being developed in artificial intelligence can be applied to legal judgments about evidence based on common knowledge. Chains of reasoning containing generalizations and implicit premises that express common knowledge are modeled using argument diagrams and argumentation schemes. A controversial thesis is argued for. It is the thesis that such premises can best be seen as commitments accepted by parties to a dispute, and thus tentatively accepted, subject to default should new evidence come in that would overturn them. Common knowledge, on this view, is not knowledge, strictly speaking, but a kind of provisional acceptance of a proposition based on its not being disputed, and its being generally accepted as true, but subject to exceptions.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 42
Keywords: presumption, defeasible reasoning, Wigmore chart, generalization, crime sceneAccepted Paper Series
Date posted: January 31, 2011
© 2013 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
This page was processed by apollo5 in 0.297 seconds