Dynamic Portfolio Allocation, the Dual Theory of Choice and Probability Distortion Functions
RWE Supply and Trading
University of New South Wales - ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research and School of Risk and Actuarial Studies
John Van der Hoek
University of Adelaide - Faculty of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences
January 1, 2006
Standard optimal portfolio choice models assume that investors maximise the expected utility of their future outcomes. However, behaviour which is inconsistent with the expected utility theory has often been observed.
In a discrete time setting, we provide a formal treatment of risk measures based on distortion functions that are consistent with Yaari’s dual (non-expected utility) theory of choice (1987), and set out a general layout for portfolio optimisation in this non-expected utility framework using the risk neutral computational approach.
As an application, we consider two particular risk measures. The first one is based on the PH-transform and treats the upside and downside of the risk differently. The second one, introduced by Wang (2000) uses a probability distortion operator based on the cumulative normal distribution function. Both risk measures rank-order prospects and apply a distortion function to the entire vector of probabilities.
Keywords: Portfolio allocation, dual theory, probability distortion, equilibrium pricingworking papers series
Date posted: February 3, 2011
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