Fertility and Mortality in a Neoclassical Growth Model
Jochen O. Mierau
University of Groningen; Netspar
Stephen J. Turnovsky
University of Washington - Institute for Economic Research; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)
January 1, 2011
Netspar Discussion Paper No. 01/2011-004
We develop and study a neoclassical growth model with a realistic demographic structure. Our model complements recent developments in the overlapping generations (OLG) literature by highlighting the natural link that exists between different classes of macrodynamic models. Within the model we show that there exists an overlooked equilibrium in which demographic factors play a minor role. In numerical simulations we show that the economic impact of a change in the population growth rate differs dramatically depending on whether the change was induced by a change in the birth rate, the mortality rate or a combination of the two. Finally, we show that the demographic transition experienced by the US over the last half century cannot explain the substantial aggregate economic changes that have occurred during this period.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 46
Keywords: demography, growth, overlapping generations
JEL Classification: C62, D91, E13, J10working papers series
Date posted: February 7, 2011
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