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Contracting in China: Comparative Observations on Freedom of Contract, Contract Formation, Battle of Forms and Standard Form Contracts


Nicole Kornet


Maastricht European Private Law Institute (M-EPLI); Maastricht University - METRO Institute; Maastricht University - Faculty of Law

February 7, 2011

Maastricht European Private Law Institute Working Paper No. 2011/06

Abstract:     
China is Europe’s second largest trading partner and number one source of imports and the international transactions between European businesses and their Chinese counterparts form the backbone of this large volume of trade. Nevertheless, businesses and lawyers tend to feel some discomfort about Chinese law and the legal system they will encounter in their business dealings with their Chinese counterparts. This article provides comparative observations from a European perspective on Chinese contract law. In the context of international business transactions, in particular international sales, businesses frequently contract on the basis of standard form contracts. This raises issues of contract formation and the freedom of contracting parties to establish the terms of their contract. For this reason, this article pays particular attention to the corner stone of modern contract law in Europe, freedom of contract, and to what extent Chinese contract law recognizes freedom of contract as a fundamental principle underlying contractual relations, the rules of contract formation, and in particular the battle of forms, as well as the control of standard terms. It also provides a brief overview of the sources of Chinese contract law.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 41

Keywords: Chinese contract law, Freedom of Contract, Contract formation, battle of forms, standard form contracts, European Contract Law

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Date posted: February 10, 2011 ; Last revised: February 13, 2011

Suggested Citation

Kornet, Nicole, Contracting in China: Comparative Observations on Freedom of Contract, Contract Formation, Battle of Forms and Standard Form Contracts (February 7, 2011). Maastricht European Private Law Institute Working Paper No. 2011/06. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1756750 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1756750

Contact Information

Nicole Kornet (Contact Author)
Maastricht European Private Law Institute (M-EPLI) ( email )
P.O. Box 616
Maastricht, NL-6200 MD
Netherlands
Maastricht University - METRO Institute ( email )
PO Box 616
Maastricht, 6200 MD
Netherlands
Maastricht University - Faculty of Law ( email )
P.O. Box 616
Maastricht, 6200
Netherlands
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