Antitrust Immunity Grants to Joint Venture Agreements: Evidence from International Airline Alliances
Government of the United States of America - Antitrust Division
Oliver M. Richard
U.S. Department of Justice - Economic Analysis Group - Antitrust Division
April 15, 2012
Antitrust Law Journal , Vol. 78, 2012
This article provides evidence from the airline industry on the competitive effects of grants of antitrust immunity by regulatory agencies to certain joint venture agreements. In the airline industry, the U.S. Department of Transportation retains the statutory authority to approve and immunize from the U.S. antitrust laws, under a public interest standard, joint venture agreements relating to international air transportation. Agreements subject to this statute include international airline alliances, which are marketing joint ventures between carriers worldwide. The evidence based on data for the period 2005-2011 shows that recent grants of antitrust immunity to international airline alliances affecting U.S.-E.U. passengers would have raised concerns under an antitrust standard.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 28
Keywords: Antitrust, Immunity, Grant, Joint Venture, International, Airline, Alliance
JEL Classification: L10, L40, L50, L93Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: February 20, 2011 ; Last revised: July 22, 2012
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