Superfund Cleanups and Infant Health
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Princeton University
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
February 23, 2011
MIT Department of Economics Working Paper No. 11-02
We are the first to examine the effect of Superfund cleanups on infant health rather than focusing on proximity to a site. We study singleton births to mothers residing within 5km of a Superfund site between 1989 and 2003 in five large states. Our “difference in differences” approach compares birth outcomes before and after a site clean-up for mothers who live within 2,000 meters of the site and those who live between 2,000-5,000 meters of a site. We find that proximity to a Superfund site before cleanup is associated with a 20 to 25% increase in the risk of congenital anomalies.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 15
Keywords: Superfund Clean-Ups, Hazardous Waste Sites, Infant Health, Environmental Health Risks
JEL Classification: H4, Q5, I1working papers series
Date posted: February 24, 2011
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