Does Management Matter? Evidence from India
Stanford University - Department of Economics; London School of Economics - Centre for Economic Performance (CEP); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
World Bank Development Research Group; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
February 1, 2011
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5573
A long-standing question in social science is to what extent differences in management cause differences in firm performance. To investigate this, the authors ran a management field experiment on large Indian textile firms, providing free consulting on modern management practices to a randomly chosen set of treatment plants and compared their performance to the control plants. They find that adopting these management practices had three main effects. First, it raised average productivity by 11 percent through improved quality and efficiency and reduced inventory. Second, it increased decentralization of decision making, as better information flow enabled owners to delegate more decisions to middle managers. Third, it increased the use of computers, necessitated by the data collection and analysis involved in modern management. Since these practices were profitable this raises the question of why firms had not adopted these before. Their results suggest that informational barriers were a primary factor in explaining this lack of adoption. Modern management is a technology that diffuses slowly between firms, with many Indian firms initially unaware of its existence or impact. Since competition was limited by constraints on firm entry and growth, badly managed firms were not rapidly driven from the market.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 53
Keywords: Labor Policies, E-Business, Agricultural Knowledge & Information Systems, Rural Development Knowledge & Information Systems, Labor Marketsworking papers series
Date posted: March 7, 2011
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