Child Labour and Health: Evidence and Research Issues
University of Macedonia
Eddy Van Doorslaer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Institute of Health Policy and Management; Tinbergen Institute; Erasmus School of Economics
Furio C. Rosati
United Nations - UCW Program; University of Rome II - Faculty of Economics
Understanding Children's Work Programme Working Paper
The ILO definition of the worst forms of child labour includes work that is likely to jeopardise health and safety. Effective targeting of those child work activities most damaging to health requires both conceptual understanding and empirical evidence of the interactions between child labour and health. The aim of the paper is to review the current state of such knowledge, which is central to the design of policies that, whilst protecting children from work activities most damaging to their health, do not jeopardise the subsistence livelihood of their families. The relationships between child labour and health are complex. They can be direct and indirect, static and dynamic, positive and negative, causal and spurious. The diversity of potential relationships makes their empirical disentanglement a difficult exercise. A conceptual framework of analysis is required and important issues of measurement and of estimation must be given careful consideration.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 28
Keywords: child labour, worst forms of child labour, health, poverty
JEL Classification: J13, I10, J20, J28, I30working papers series
Date posted: March 7, 2011 ; Last revised: March 13, 2011
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