Did the Restructuring Program Save China's State-Owned Enterprises?
Shanghai University of Finance and Economics
August 10, 2010
China Economist, July-August 2010
This paper presents an evaluation of the performance of the third phase of the SOE restructuring program initiated in the late 1990s using the difference-in-differences model based on a penal dataset (1999-2006). This study reveals that the difference between the performance of the state-owned sector of the economy (SOSE) and the performance of the foreign-owned sector of the economy (FOSE), a best-performing sector in China's non-state-owned economy, has been decreasing since 2003 in spite of an existence of some discrepancies. After launching a series of reform measures aimed, at grasping the large and letting the small go and encouraging mergers and acquisitions of state-owned enterprises in 1999, the Chinese government has improved the financial position and economic performance of the SOSE. Meanwhile, this paper also provides indirect evidence to reveal that firm size, industrial monopoly status of state-owned enterprises and the curtailed battlefront of the SOSE play an important role in the process of the continuous improvement in the performance of the SOSE.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 11
Keywords: SOE restructuring, policy effects evaluation, difference-in-differences
JEL Classification: P31, P27Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: March 12, 2011
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