Socialization: Insights from Social Cognition
London Business School
David H. Uttal
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Wendi L. Gardner
Northwestern University - Department of Psychology
March 9, 2011
Social and Personality Psychology Compass, Vol. 4, pp. 93-106, 2010
Socialization is the process by which individuals are assisted to become members of their social groups. Findings from social cognition and cross-cultural psychology offer two major insights into the socialization process. First, basic social cognitive principles imply that the immediate environment functions as a socialization agent by activating and inhibiting knowledge structures and thereby shaping cognition and behavior. Second, because the immediate environment factors into cognition and behavior, socialization efforts should involve the modification of the environment for optimal effect. We discuss various examples of socialization through the configuration of the immediate environment, such as rituals and use of physical artifacts. Our review links basic social cognitive mechanisms to socialization processes, which are customarily treated at higher levels of analysis.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 25
Keywords: socialization, social cognition, development, cultureAccepted Paper Series
Date posted: March 11, 2011
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