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Distribution Clause of Community Property towards One Specific Spouse Approved by the Supreme Court (Cour De Cassation) in Belgium (De Sterfhuisclausule Springlevend) (Dutch)


Alain Laurent P. G. Verbeke


University of Leuven, Director Rector Roger Dillemans Family Property Law Institute, Codirector Institute for Contract Law, Codirector Leuven Center for Notary Law; Harvard Law School; University of Leuven, Faculty of Psychology; Antwerp Management School; Tilburg Law School Department of Private Law and TISCO; Catholic University of Portugal (UCP) - Católica Global School of Law; Greenille Attorneys

Renate Barbaix


Independent

January 30, 2011

Estate Planning Journal, pp. 106-111, 2011

Abstract:     
In this article we briefly comment on the Belgian Cour de Cassation decision of 10 December 2010. The Supreme Court approves the legal and fiscal validity of a clause in marital contracts of community property whereby the entire community is awarded towards one spouse nominatim. This clause is used in extreme situations where one of the spouses is terminally ill. Because there is no condition of survival in the chef of the beneficiary spouse, the fictitious legacy of article 5 Succ. Code may not be applied and the benefit remains untaxable.

Legally, the benefit is qualified as a marital advantage and not as a gift. However, to protect the forced heirship rules, a portion of the benefit may be added to the mass for forced heirship. This is the portion that exceeds the cap, called the surplus.

The cap, in case of common children, is up to all marital gains and half of assets that were private to the deceased spouse and that he has brought into the community. These are immune to the forced heirship rules, being full marital advantage. The other half of assets that were brought into community, are the surplus. These are only quasi marital advantage and are not immune for forced heirship rules.

The Supreme Court now has decided that the clause is indeed a marital advantage and not a donation, and that this surplus is not taxable either.

For a more in depth analysis, see our article in RW 2010-2011, p. 1438-1443.

Note: Downloadable document is in Dutch.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 9

Keywords: K11, K12

JEL Classification: Community property, marital contract, inheritance taxes

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Date posted: March 10, 2011 ; Last revised: April 30, 2011

Suggested Citation

Verbeke, Alain Laurent P. G. and Barbaix, Renate, Distribution Clause of Community Property towards One Specific Spouse Approved by the Supreme Court (Cour De Cassation) in Belgium (De Sterfhuisclausule Springlevend) (Dutch) (January 30, 2011). Estate Planning Journal, pp. 106-111, 2011. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1782419

Contact Information

Alain Laurent P. G. Verbeke (Contact Author)
University of Leuven, Director Rector Roger Dillemans Family Property Law Institute, Codirector Institute for Contract Law, Codirector Leuven Center for Notary Law ( email )
Tiensestraat 41
Leuven, 3000
Belgium
003216325203 (Phone)
003216325296 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.law.kuleuven.be/fvr
Harvard Law School ( email )
Cambridge, MA
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/
University of Leuven, Faculty of Psychology
Oude Markt 13
Leuven, Vlaams-Brabant 3000
Belgium
HOME PAGE: http://ppw.kuleuven.be/english/wopp/leuven-center-for-collaborative-management
Antwerp Management School ( email )
Het Brantijser
Sint-Jacobsmarkt 9-13
Antwerp, 2000
Belgium
Tilburg Law School Department of Private Law and TISCO ( email )
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands
HOME PAGE: http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tisco/
Catholic University of Portugal (UCP) - Católica Global School of Law
Lisboa
Portugal
HOME PAGE: http://www.fd.lisboa.ucp.pt/site/custom/template/ucptplfac.asp?sspageID=3293&lang=2
Greenille Attorneys ( email )
Boulevard de la Woluwe 2
1150 Brussels
Belgium
003227380650 (Phone)
003227380660 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.greenille.eu
Renate Barbaix
Independent
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