European Parliament on the Seventh Legislative Term - Trends and Prospects
Dan D. Vataman
Romanian Society for the Promotion of Science, Education and Culture
March 16, 2011
Romanian Journal of Geopolitics and International Relations, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2009
Looking through the prism of the historical evolution of the European Parliament, the whole existence of this forum is a struggle to broaden its area of decision and the acquisition of status at least equivalent if not like a real law. Legitimated by direct universal suffrage, the European Parliament has gradually strengthened its position within the Community institutional system through a series of treaties, evolving from a purely advisory body, in an institution that plays an active role in drafting legislation, having, also budgetary powers and exercising democratic control over all institutions. The Lisbon Treaty now places Parliament on an equal footing with the Council of Ministers in deciding on the vast majority of EU laws. The Lisbon Treaty makes the European Parliament a stronger lawmaker by bringing over 40 new fields within the "co-decision" procedure, under which Parliament has equal rights with the Council. These areas include agriculture, energy security, immigration, justice and home affairs, health and structural funds. MEPs will have a new role in relations with the other institutions of the EU. From now on, results of elections to the European Parliament will be directly linked to the choice of candidate for the President of the European Commission. The whole Commission, including the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, needs Parliament's approval to take office.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 13
Keywords: European elections, European Parliament, legislative power, Lisbon Treaty, political groups, term, universal suffrage
JEL Classification: A23, K10
Date posted: March 20, 2011 ; Last revised: November 1, 2011
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