Indiscriminate Discrimination: A Correspondence Test for Ethnic Homophily in the Chicago Labor Market
Paris School of Economics (PSE); Université de Lorraine, BETA
December 1, 2012
Labour Economics, Vol. 19, No. 65, 2012
Numerous field experiments have demonstrated the existence of discrimination in labor markets against specific minority groups. This paper uses a correspondence test to determine whether this discrimination is due to prejudice against specific groups, or a general preference for the majority group. Three groups of identical fabricated resumes are sent to help-wanted advertisements in Chicago newspapers: one with Anglo-Saxon names, one with African-American names, and one with fictitious foreign names whose ethnic origin is unidentifiable to most Americans. Resumes with Anglo-Saxon names generate nearly one third more call-backs than identical resumes with non Anglo-Saxon ones, either African-American or Foreign. We take this as evidence that discriminatory behavior is part of a larger pattern of unequal treatment of any member of non-majority groups, ethnic homophily.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 20
Keywords: Correspondence testing, Discrimination, xenophobia, ethnic homophily
JEL Classification: J71, J64
Date posted: March 30, 2011 ; Last revised: August 21, 2013
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