In Bloom: Gender Differences in Preferences Among Adolescents
Stockholm School of Economics - Department of Economics
Emma von Essen
University of Aarhus - Department of Economics and Business; Stockholm University - Department of Economics
Stockholm School of Economics
July 11, 2012
We look at gender differences among adolescents in Sweden in preferences for altruism, risk and competition. We find that girls are more altruistic and less risk taking than boys. No gender differences are found comparing competitive performance with non-competitive performance in either a verbal or a mathematical task. Boys and girls are also equally likely to self-select into competition in the verbal task, but boys are significantly more likely to choose to compete in math. However, this gender gap diminishes and becomes non-significant when we control for performance beliefs relative to others, indicating that some of the gender gap in our sample is not due to preferences for competition per se.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 18
Keywords: competitiveness, risk preferences, altruism, adolescents, gender differences, experiment
JEL Classification: C91, D03, J16
Date posted: April 7, 2011 ; Last revised: July 11, 2012
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