Cross-Border Media and Nationalism: Evidence from Serbian Radio in Croatia
University of California, Berkeley; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Institute for Political Economy and Governance; Universitat Pompeu Fabra; New Economic School
University of Maryland
Institute for Political Economy and Governance, Barcelona; Universitat Pompeu Fabra; Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE); New Economic School (NES)
Paris School of Economics
August 13, 2013
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, July (2014), 6(3): 103-32
How do nationalistic media affect animosity between ethnic groups? We consider one of Europe’s deadliest conflicts since WWII: the Serbo-Croatian conflict. We show that, after a decade of peace, cross-border nationalistic Serbian radio triggers ethnic hatred towards Serbs in Croatia. Mostly attracted by non-political content, many Croats listen to Serbian public radio (intended for Serbs in Serbia) whenever signal is available. As a result, the vote for extreme nationalist parties is higher, and ethnically offensive graffiti are more common, in Croatian villages with Serbian radio reception. A laboratory experiment confirms that Serbian radio exposure causes anti-Serbian sentiment among Croats.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 34
Keywords: mass media, persuasion, voting, nationalism, conflict
JEL Classification: J0, D0, H0, D74Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: April 19, 2011 ; Last revised: November 24, 2014
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