Inter-Industry Gender Wage Gaps by Knowledge Intensity:Discrimination and Technology in Korea
William C. Horrace
Syracuse University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Beyza P. Ural Marchand
University of Alberta - Faculty of Arts
Jin Hwa Jung
affiliation not provided to SSRN
March 1, 2006
Syracuse University Center for Policy Research Working Paper No. 79
A new gender wage gap decomposition methodology is introduced that does not suffer from the identification problem caused by unobserved non-discriminatory wage structure. The methodology is used to measure the relative size of Korean gender wage gaps from 1994 to 2000 across industries, differentiated by industrial knowledge intensity, where knowledge intensity is the extent to which industries produce or employ high-technology products. Korea represents an important case study, since it possesses one of the fastest growing knowledge-intensive economies, among industrialized countries. Empirical results indicate that over this period, discrimination (the unexplained portion of the gender wage gaps) in Korea was statistically smaller in knowledge-intensive industries than in industries with low knowledge intensity. Also, discrimination was declining on average over the period. This suggests that continued growth in knowledge-intensive industries in Korea may lead to further declines in the overall gender gap.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 35
Keywords: discrimination, labor markets, wage differential, compensation
JEL Classification: C12, J31, J71working papers series
Date posted: April 20, 2011
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