Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1824744
 
 

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Persecution Perpetuated: The Medieval Origins of Anti-Semitic Violence in Nazi Germany


Nico Voigtländer


University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Anderson School of Management; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Hans-Joachim Voth


University of Zurich - UBS International Center of Economics in Society; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

February 10, 2012

Quarterly Journal of Economics 2012, 127(3): 1339-1392

Abstract:     
How persistent are cultural traits? Using data on anti-Semitism in Germany, we find local continuity over 600 years. Jews were often blamed when the Black Death killed at least a third of Europe’s population during 1348–50. We use plague-era pogroms as an indicator for medieval anti-Semitism. They reliably predict violence against Jews in the 1920s, votes for the Nazi Party, deportations after 1933, attacks on synagogues, and letters to Der Stürmer. We also identify areas where persistence was lower: cities with high levels of trade or immigration. Finally, we show that our results are not driven by political extremism or by different attitudes toward violence.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 48

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Date posted: April 27, 2011 ; Last revised: October 11, 2012

Suggested Citation

Voigtländer, Nico and Voth, Hans-Joachim, Persecution Perpetuated: The Medieval Origins of Anti-Semitic Violence in Nazi Germany (February 10, 2012). Quarterly Journal of Economics 2012, 127(3): 1339-1392. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1824744 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1824744

Contact Information

Nico Voigtländer (Contact Author)
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Anderson School of Management ( email )
110 Westwood Plaza
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1481
United States
+1-310-794 6382 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://www.anderson.ucla.edu/faculty/nico.v/
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Hans-Joachim Voth
University of Zurich - UBS International Center of Economics in Society ( email )
Raemistrasse 71
Zuerich, 8006
Switzerland
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
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