Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1825148
 


 



Hof Van Cassatie Bevestigt Sterfhuisclausule (Belgian Supreme Court Confirms Civil and Fiscal Validity of Distribution Clause of Community Property towards One Specific Spouse)


Alain Laurent P. G. Verbeke


University of Leuven, Director Rector Roger Dillemans Family Property Law Institute, Codirector Institute for Contract Law, Codirector Leuven Center for Notary Law; Harvard Law School; University of Leuven, Faculty of Psychology; Antwerp Management School; Tilburg Law School Department of Private Law and TISCO; Catholic University of Portugal (UCP) - Católica Global School of Law; Greenille Attorneys

Renate Barbaix


Independent

February 28, 2011

Rechtskundig Weekblad, No. 34, pp. 1438-1443, 2011

Abstract:     
In this article we comment on the Belgian Cour de Cassation decision of 10 December 2010. The Supreme Court approves the legal and fiscal validity of a clause in marital contracts of community property whereby the entire community is awarded towards one spouse nominatim. This clause is used in extreme situations where one of the spouses is terminally ill. Because there is no condition of survival in the chef of the beneficiary spouse, the fictitious legacy of article 5 Succ. Code may not be applied and the benefit remains untaxable.

Legally, the benefit is qualified as a marital advantage and not as a gift. However, to protect the forced heirship rules, a portion of the benefit may be added to the mass for forced heirship. This is the portion that exceeds the cap, called the surplus.

The cap, in case of common children, is up to all marital gains and half of assets that were private to the deceased spouse and that he has brought into the community. These are immune to the forced heirship rules, being full marital advantage. The other half of assets that were brought into community, are the surplus. These are only quasi marital advantage and are not immune for forced heirship rules.

The Supreme Court now has decided in a landmark decision that the clause is indeed from a civil law perspective a marital advantage and not a donation and that the surplus is not taxable either.

Note: Downloadable document is in Dutch.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 6

Keywords: Marital contract, Community Property, Marital Advantage, Inheritance Tax

JEL Classification: K11, K12

Accepted Paper Series


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Date posted: April 30, 2011  

Suggested Citation

Verbeke, Alain Laurent P. G. and Barbaix, Renate, Hof Van Cassatie Bevestigt Sterfhuisclausule (Belgian Supreme Court Confirms Civil and Fiscal Validity of Distribution Clause of Community Property towards One Specific Spouse) (February 28, 2011). Rechtskundig Weekblad, No. 34, pp. 1438-1443, 2011. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1825148

Contact Information

Alain Laurent P. G. Verbeke (Contact Author)
University of Leuven, Director Rector Roger Dillemans Family Property Law Institute, Codirector Institute for Contract Law, Codirector Leuven Center for Notary Law ( email )
Tiensestraat 41
Leuven, 3000
Belgium
003216325203 (Phone)
003216325296 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.law.kuleuven.be/fvr
Harvard Law School ( email )
Cambridge, MA
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.pon.harvard.edu/
University of Leuven, Faculty of Psychology
Van Evenstraat 2B
B-3000 Leuven, Vlaams-Brabant 3000
Belgium
HOME PAGE: http://ppw.kuleuven.be/english/wopp/leuven-center-for-collaborative-management
Antwerp Management School ( email )
Het Brantijser
Sint-Jacobsmarkt 9-13
Antwerp, 2000
Belgium
Tilburg Law School Department of Private Law and TISCO ( email )
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands
HOME PAGE: http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tisco/
Catholic University of Portugal (UCP) - Católica Global School of Law
Lisboa
Portugal
HOME PAGE: http://www.fd.lisboa.ucp.pt/site/custom/template/ucptplfac.asp?sspageID=3293&lang=2
Greenille Attorneys ( email )
Boulevard de la Woluwe 2
1150 Brussels
Belgium
003227380650 (Phone)
003227380660 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.greenille.eu
Renate Barbaix
Independent
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