Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1829264
 
 

Citations (1)



 


 



Poverty and Support for Militant Politics: Evidence from Pakistan


Graeme Blair


Princeton University

C. Christine Fair


Georgetown University

Neil A. Malhotra


Stanford Graduate School of Business

Jacob N. Shapiro


Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

May 2, 2011


Abstract:     
Combating militant violence - particularly within South Asia and the Middle East - stands at the top of the international security agenda. Much of the policy literature focuses on poverty as a root cause of support for violent political groups and on economic development as a key to addressing the challenges of militancy and terrorism. Unfortunately, there is little evidence to support this contention, particularly in the case of Islamist militant organizations. To address this gap we conducted a 6000-person, nationally representative survey of Pakistanis that measures affect towards four important militant organizations. We apply a novel measurement strategy to mitigate item nonresponse, which plagued previous surveys due to the sensitive nature of militancy. Our study reveals three key patterns. First, Pakistanis exhibit negative affect toward all four militant organizations, with those from areas where groups have conducted the most attacks disliking them the most. Second, contrary to conventional expectations poor Pakistanis dislike militant groups more than middle-class citizens. Third, this dislike is strongest among poor urban residents, suggesting that the negative relationship stems from exposure to the externalities of terrorist attacks. Longstanding arguments tying support for violent political organizations to individuals’ economic prospects - and the subsequent policy recommendations - may require substantial revision.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 64

working papers series





Download This Paper

Date posted: May 3, 2011 ; Last revised: January 26, 2012

Suggested Citation

Blair, Graeme and Fair, C. Christine and Malhotra, Neil A. and Shapiro, Jacob N., Poverty and Support for Militant Politics: Evidence from Pakistan (May 2, 2011). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1829264 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1829264

Contact Information

Graeme Blair
Princeton University ( email )
HOME PAGE: http://www.princeton.edu/~gblair
C. Christine Fair (Contact Author)
Georgetown University ( email )
Washington, DC 20057
United States
Neil A. Malhotra
Stanford Graduate School of Business ( email )
518 Memorial Way
Stanford, CA 94305-5015
United States
Jacob N. Shapiro
Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs ( email )
Princeton University
Princeton, NJ 08544-1021
United States
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 2,729
Downloads: 431
Download Rank: 37,427
Citations:  1
People who downloaded this paper also downloaded:
1. Pakistan’s Strategic Use of Lashkar-e-Taiba: It’s Not Just Kashmir
By C. Fair

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo4 in 0.391 seconds