The Relationship of Reliability and Validity of Personality Tests to Frame-of-Reference Instructions and Within-Person Inconsistency
Craig M. Reddock
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Michael D. Biderman
University of Tennessee
Nhung T. Nguyen
Towson University - Department of Management
International Journal of Selection and Assessment, Vol. 19, Issue 2, pp. 119-131, 2011
The efficacy of both frame-of-reference (FOR) instructions and a measure of within-person inconsistency in predicting grade point average was investigated. The IPIP Big Five personality questionnaire was given to 329 students with generic instructions and at school FOR instructions. The Wonderlic Personnel Test was also administered. A measure of within-person inconsistency was created based on the standard deviations of responses to items within the same Big Five dimension. The validity of conscientiousness was greater when FOR instructions were given. The measure of within-person inconsistency provided incremental validity over that of conscientiousness and cognitive ability. Additionally, within-person inconsistency moderated the relationship between conscientiousness and performance for the participants without the FOR instructions. Practical implications are discussed.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 13
Date posted: May 20, 2011
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