Schooling is Associated Not Only with Long-Run Wages, but Also with Wage Risks and Disability Risks: The Pakistani Experience
National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) Business School; Population Studies Center
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
May 9, 2011
PIER Working Paper No. 11-013
Many studies document significantly positive associations between schooling attainment and wages in developing countries. But when individuals enter occupations subsequent to completing their schooling, they not only face an expected work-life path of wages, but a number of other occupational characteristics, including wage risks and disability risks, for which there may be compensating wage differentials. This study examines the relations between schooling on one hand and mean wages and these two types of risks on the other hand, based on 77,685 individuals from the wage-earning population as recorded in six Labor Force Surveys of Pakistan. The results suggest that schooling is positively associated with mean total wages and wage rates, but has different associations with these two types of risks: Disability risks decline as schooling increases but wage risks, and even more, wage rate risks increase as schooling increases. The schooling-wage risks relation, but not the schooling-disability risks relation, is consistent with there being compensating differentials.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 23
Keywords: Wages, Risks, Labor Markets, Job Disabilities, Compensating Differentials, Developing Country, Schooling
JEL Classification: J31, J28, O53working papers series
Date posted: May 23, 2011
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