On the Formation and Structure of International Exchanges
Matthew J. Clayton
University of Virginia - McIntire School of Commerce
Bjorn N. Jorgensen
University of Colorado at Boulder
Kenneth A. Kavajecz
University of Wisconsin, Madison - Department of Finance, Investment and Banking
AFA 2001 New Orleans; NYU Ctr for Law and Business Research Paper No. 00-08; RLW Center Working Paper No. 22-99
We investigate the formation and structure of 248 financial exchanges throughout the world. First, we empirically analyze the determinants of exchange formation as well as the impact of exchange formation on the domestic country's economy. Second, conditional on formation, we use a probit model to relate the choice of trading mechanism to the characteristics of the economic environment in which the exchange exists. We find that the main determinants of exchange formation in a country are the degree of economic freedom, the size of the economy, the availability of technology, and the legal system. In addition, we find that the impact of exchange formation on the macro economy is limited to a reduction in the growth of the monetary aggregates with no significant impact on productivity. Lastly, our results show that the choice of trading mechanism depends on the country's economic development, the degree of competition, and the extent of economic freedom.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 33
JEL Classification: G12working papers series
Date posted: November 16, 1999
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