Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1851126
 
 

Footnotes (161)



 


 



The Civic Seminary: The Sources of Modern Public Education in the Lutheran Reformation of Germany


John Witte Jr.


Emory University School of Law

1995

Journal of Law and Religion, Vol. 12, No. 1, p. 173, 1995-1996

Abstract:     
A modern trend among Western historians has been to deny the importance of the Lutheran Reformation. The two volume Handbook of European History continues in this modern tradition, claiming that the Protestant Reformation was merely preparation for the Enlightenment. The volume sees the Reformation as a transition era marked by consistent trends of economic depression, the rupture of Christendom, and the founding of the first European seaborne empires. This thesis is neither cogent nor cognizant. The Reformation is neither a theological invention nor a legal invention; instead, the Reformation created sweeping changes throughout Western society.

The Catholic tradition of education in Germany dominated German education prior to the Lutheran Revolution. The Lutheran Reformation of education criticized the Catholic tradition and grounded its theory of education in the doctrine of two kingdoms. Education was essential to maintenance of the heavenly and earthly kingdom because education serves the estates of family, church, and state.

The Lutheran Reformation of education replaced clerics with magistrates. Thus, the church was no longer considered the primary custodian of schools. These civil magistrates had to provide parents and children with opportunities to educate themselves. At least rudimentary education became compulsory for all children at the earliest age possible. Schools were made readily available, and served as civic seminaries, inculcating both right religion and broad erudition in their students. These changes created a dramatic influence on lower education, especially urban and public schools.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 54

Keywords: Lutheran Reformation, Protestant Reformation, Enlightenment, education

Accepted Paper Series


Download This Paper

Date posted: May 26, 2011  

Suggested Citation

Witte, John, The Civic Seminary: The Sources of Modern Public Education in the Lutheran Reformation of Germany (1995). Journal of Law and Religion, Vol. 12, No. 1, p. 173, 1995-1996. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1851126

Contact Information

John Witte Jr. (Contact Author)
Emory University School of Law ( email )
1301 Clifton Road
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States
404-727-6980 (Phone)
404-712-8605 (Fax)
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 155
Downloads: 23
Footnotes:  161

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo2 in 0.234 seconds