Implicatures and Hierarchies of Presumptions
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
June 9, 2011
Argument Cultures: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation (OSSA), Windsor, ON, May 18-21, 2011
Implicatures are described as particular forms reasoning from best explanation, in which the paradigm of possible explanations consists of the possible semantic interpretations of a sentence or a word. The need for explanation will be shown to be triggered by conflicts between presumptions, namely hearer’s dialogical expectations and the presumptive sentence meaning. What counts as the best explanation can be established on the grounds of hierarchies of presumptions, dependent on dialogue types and interlocutors' culture.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 17
Keywords: interpretation, implicatures, Grice, argumentation schemes, best explanation, presumptive reasoningAccepted Paper Series
Date posted: June 11, 2011 ; Last revised: June 17, 2011
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