The Global Spread of European Style International Courts
Karen J. Alter
Northwestern University - Department of Political Science; University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Law - iCourts Center of Excellence
June 17, 2011
Karen J. Alter (2012) The Global Spread of European Style International Courts, West European Politics, 35:1, 135-154
Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 11-55
Northwestern University Roberta Buffett Center for International and Comparative Studies Working Paper No. 11-003
Europe created the model of embedded international courts (IC), where domestic judges work with international judges to interpret and apply international legal rules that are also part of national legal orders. This model has now diffused around the world. This article documents the spread of European-style ICs: there are now eleven operational copies of the European Court of Justice (ECJ), three copies of the European Court of Human Rights, and a handful of additional ICs that use Europe’s embedded approach to international law. After documenting the spread of European-style ICs, the article then explains how two regions chose European style ICs, yet varied from the ECJ model.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 26
Keywords: International Courts and Tribunals, European Court of Justice, International Economic Disputes. Regional Integration
JEL Classification: K33, P45, K30
Date posted: June 19, 2011 ; Last revised: July 27, 2016
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