Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1875007
 


 



'Feminizing' Courts: Lay Volunteers and the Integration of Social Work in Progressive Reform


Mae C. Quinn


Washington University in Saint Louis - School of Law

June 1, 2011

FEMINIST LEGAL HISTORY: ESSAYS ON WOMEN AND LAW, Tracy A. Thomas & T.J. Boisseau, eds., NYU Press, 2011
Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-06-08

Abstract:     
This essay, appearing as a chapter in FEMINIST LEGAL HISTORY: ESSAYS ON WOMEN (N.Y.U. PRESS 2011), uncovers groundbreaking court innovations employed by Judge Anna Moscowitz Kross. To date, Kross's work has gone largely unexamined by legal historians and court reformers. This essay describes how Kross, one of the nation's first women judges, sought to rethink the role and goals of criminal courts in order to meet and address social realities. Beginning in the 1930's she expanded the boundaries of criminal courts to permit female volunteer caseworkers and lay probation officers, as representatives of the larger community, to play a role in court operations. Her lay volunteer armies, which were seen as controversial and at times came under official scrutiny, continued their efforts over the course of several decades. What is more, many courts across the country replicated Kross's experiment without crediting her for her ideas. While this essay celebrates this largely forgotten historical figure and her work as an early judicial innovator, it also warns that social engineering efforts in criminal courts at the hands of lay counselors, both then and now, raise important questions that are worthy of further exploration. This essay, therefore, concludes by suggesting that today's criminal justice reformers might learn important lessons from Kross's attempts at judicial creativity that relied on private funding and private citizen participation in criminal court proceedings.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 19

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Date posted: July 8, 2011 ; Last revised: July 23, 2011

Suggested Citation

Quinn, Mae C., 'Feminizing' Courts: Lay Volunteers and the Integration of Social Work in Progressive Reform (June 1, 2011). FEMINIST LEGAL HISTORY: ESSAYS ON WOMEN AND LAW, Tracy A. Thomas & T.J. Boisseau, eds., NYU Press, 2011; Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-06-08. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1875007

Contact Information

Mae C. Quinn (Contact Author)
Washington University in Saint Louis - School of Law ( email )
Campus Box 1133
One Brookings Drive
St. Louis, MO 63130-4899
United States
314-935-6088 (Phone)
314-935-5356 (Fax)
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