Exploring and Exploiting Through External Sources: The Effect of Learning and Technological Proximity
Politecnico di Bari
Antonio Messeni Petruzzelli
Politecnico di Bari - Department of Mechanical and Management Engineering
SPRU (Science Policy Research Unit), University of Sussex
International Journal of Innovation and Learning, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 1-27, 2010
In this paper, we investigate how the different types of external learning performed by organisations, i.e., interaction and imitation, and their technological proximity with external sources affect exploration and exploitation. Specifically, analysing the last 250 patents registered by Toyota Motor Corp. at the European Patent Office, we find that exploration is favoured by interactive learning mechanisms and technological diversity between knowledge source and recipient. On the contrary, learning by interaction and similarity between technological competencies and capabilities are more suitable for exploitative research activities.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 17
Keywords: innovation, learning, exploration, exploitation, external learning, technological proximity
JEL Classification: D83, O31, O32
Date posted: July 5, 2011
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