Security of Cultural Property: U.S. Engagement and Potential for Improvement
Cultural Security; RAND Corporation
March 1, 2012
E-Conservation Magazine, Issue 23, March 2012
Recent armed conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan and political violence in Egypt have revealed the strategic significance of cultural property. This paper assesses the role of historic sites and antiquities in foreign engagement. Over the past century, U.S. foreign policy has had successes and shortcomings in leveraging protection of cultural patrimony to strategic advantage. The contrast of successful policy on the protection of immovable cultural property, such as religious monuments, in armed conflict and missed opportunities for tactical intelligence on the trade in movable cultural property, such as antiquities trafficking, identifies potential for development of foreign policy.
Keywords: cultural security, cultural diplomacy, cultural property, armed conflict, looting, foreign policyAccepted Paper Series
Date posted: July 10, 2011 ; Last revised: March 20, 2012
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