Causal Effects of Paternity Leave on Children and Parents
BI Norwegian Business School
Jon H. Fiva
Norwegian School of Management (BI) - Department of Economics
Lars J. Kirkebøen
Statistics Norway - Research Department
July 18, 2011
CESifo Working Paper Series No. 3513
In this paper we use a parental leave reform directed towards fathers to identify the causal effects of paternity leave on children’s and parents’ outcomes. We document that paternity leave causes fathers to become more important for children’s cognitive skills. School performance at age 16 increases for children whose father is relatively higher educated than the mother. We find no evidence that fathers’ earnings and work hours are affected by paternity leave. Contrary to expectation, mothers’ labor market outcomes are adversely affected by paternity leave. Our findings do therefore not suggest that paternity leave shifts the gender balance at home in a way that increases mothers’ time and/or effort spent at market work.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 40
Keywords: parental leave, labor supply, child development
JEL Classification: J130, J220, J240, I210
Date posted: July 18, 2011
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