Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1898927
 
 

Citations (2)



 


 



Who Gets a Swiss Passport? A Natural Experiment in Immigrant Discrimination


Jens Hainmueller


Stanford University - Department of Political Science; Stanford Graduate School of Business

Dominik Hangartner


London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

September 1, 2012

American Political Science Review, Volume 107, Issue 01, February 2013, pp 159-187
Formerly: MIT Political Science Department Research Paper

Abstract:     
We study discrimination against immigrants using micro-level data from Switzerland, where, until recently, some municipalities used referendums to decide on the citizenship applications of foreign residents. We show that naturalization decisions vary dramatically with immigrants' attributes, which we collect from official applicant descriptions that voters received before each referendum. Country of origin determines naturalization success more than any other applicant characteristic, including language skills, integration status, and economic credentials. The average proportion of `no' votes is about 40% higher for applicants from the (former) Yugoslavia and Turkey compared to observably similar applicants from richer northern and western European countries. Statistical and taste-based discrimination contribute to varying naturalization success; the rewards for economic credentials are higher for applicants from disadvantaged origins, and origin-based discrimination is much stronger in more xenophobic municipalities. Moreover, discrimination against specific immigrant groups responds dynamically to changes in the groups' relative size.

Keywords: immigration, discrimination, naturalization, natural experiment

JEL Classification: J71, J15, F22

Accepted Paper Series





Not Available For Download

Date posted: July 30, 2011 ; Last revised: January 29, 2014

Suggested Citation

Hainmueller, Jens and Hangartner, Dominik, Who Gets a Swiss Passport? A Natural Experiment in Immigrant Discrimination (September 1, 2012). American Political Science Review, Volume 107, Issue 01, February 2013, pp 159-187; Formerly: MIT Political Science Department Research Paper . Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1898927 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1898927

Contact Information

Jens Hainmueller (Contact Author)
Stanford University - Department of Political Science ( email )
Stanford, CA 94305
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.stanford.edu/~jhain/
Stanford Graduate School of Business ( email )
518 Memorial Way
Stanford, CA 94305-5015
United States
Dominik Hangartner
London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )
Methodology Institute
Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom
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