Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1900149
 
 

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Do Concerns about Labour Market Competition Shape Attitudes Toward Immigration? New Evidence


Jens Hainmueller


Stanford University - Department of Political Science; Stanford Graduate School of Business

Michael J. Hiscox


Harvard University

Yotam M. Margalit


Columbia University

2011

APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper
MIT Political Science Department Research Paper No. 2011-20

Abstract:     
To what extent are voters' attitudes toward immigration determined by considerations of material self interest and fears about labor market competition? General equilibrium models predict that immigration has negligible effects on the wages and employment of most native workers, and these predictions are generally confirmed by the bulk of the empirical research on the labor market impacts of immigration flows. But several prominent studies have recently examined survey data on voters and argued that fears about labor market competition are actually a potent source of anti-immigrant sentiment. We address several measurement problems that plague the use of survey data in these previous studies by conducting a large targeted survey of current U.S. employees in 12 industries. These industries vary with respect to their exposure to key dimensions of globalization. We test potential relationships between the skill levels, industry locations, occupations, and mobility of these employees and their attitudes towards different types of immigrants. In contrast with previous studies, our tests indicate that fears about labor market competition do not have substantial effects on voter attitudes towards immigration.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 44

Keywords: immigration, political economy, immigration attitudes, survey experiments

JEL Classification: F22, F1, J15

working papers series


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Date posted: August 1, 2011 ; Last revised: December 13, 2011

Suggested Citation

Hainmueller, Jens and Hiscox, Michael J. and Margalit, Yotam M., Do Concerns about Labour Market Competition Shape Attitudes Toward Immigration? New Evidence (2011). APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper; MIT Political Science Department Research Paper No. 2011-20. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1900149 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1900149

Contact Information

Jens Hainmueller (Contact Author)
Stanford University - Department of Political Science ( email )
Stanford, CA 94305
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.stanford.edu/~jhain/
Stanford Graduate School of Business ( email )
518 Memorial Way
Stanford, CA 94305-5015
United States
Michael J. Hiscox
Harvard University ( email )
1737 Cambridge Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~hiscox/
Yotam M. Margalit
Columbia University ( email )
3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States
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