Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1900856
 
 

Citations (1)



 


 



Responsiveness in an Era of Inequality: The Case of the U.S. Senate


Thomas J. Hayes


Trinity University

2011

APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper

Abstract:     
To what extent do members of Congress respond unequally to people in different economic situations? How does partisan control of the agenda change the way in which Senators respond to the poor? Using data from the 2004 National Annenberg Election Study (NAES), and multiple roll call votes, I examine Senate responsiveness across a range of issues for the 107th through 111th Congresses. Additionally, I use the 107th Congress as a case study to test responsiveness under changes in agenda control. This paper has three important findings. First, I find extreme biases in responsiveness to constituents in different economic groups, with more wealthy individuals receiving the highest level of representation, while poorer groups seem to be either ignored, or have legislators act in opposition to their preferences. Second, the major political parties seemed to have recently switched roles as the Democratic Party has become responsive to the wealthy, while Republicans are responsive to the middle-class. Third, partisan control of the agenda does impact the way in which different groups receive representation as Democratic control of the Senate tends to lead to increased responsiveness toward the middle class. The findings in this paper are suggestive of broader factors at play in terms of the representation of different income groups, subconstituency politics, and the policies aimed at reducing economic inequality in the United States.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 42

Keywords: inequality, responsiveness, senate, representation

working papers series





Download This Paper

Date posted: August 1, 2011 ; Last revised: November 21, 2011

Suggested Citation

Hayes, Thomas J., Responsiveness in an Era of Inequality: The Case of the U.S. Senate (2011). APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1900856

Contact Information

Thomas J. Hayes (Contact Author)
Trinity University ( email )
San Antonio, TX 78212
United States
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 633
Downloads: 88
Download Rank: 175,989
Citations:  1

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo5 in 0.359 seconds