Innovation, Trade, and Finance
University of St. Gallen - Department of Economics (FGN-HSG); Institute for Advanced Studies (IAS); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
July 29, 2011
CESifo Working Paper Series No. 3529
This paper proposes a model where heterogeneous firms choose whether to undertake R&D or not. Innovative firms are more productive, have larger investment opportunities and lower own funds for necessary tangible continuation investments than non-innovating firms. As a result, they are financially constrained while standard firms are not. The efficiency of the financial sector and a country’s institutional quality relating to corporate finance determine the share of R&D intensive firms and their comparative advantage in producing innovative goods. We illustrate how protection, R&D subsidies, and financial sector development improve access to external finance in distinct ways, support the expansion of innovative industries, and boost national welfare. International welfare spillovers depend on the interaction between terms of trade effects and financial frictions and may be positive or negative, depending on foreign countries’ trade position.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 45
Keywords: innovation, financial development, R&D subsidies, protection
JEL Classification: F110, G320, L260, O380working papers series
Date posted: August 2, 2011
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