Adversarial Inquisitions: Rethinking the Search for the Truth
Keith A. Findley
University of Wisconsin Law School
August 3, 2011
New York Law School Law Review, Vol. 56, No. 911, 2011-12
Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1165
The growing number of exonerations of wrongly convicted individuals has fostered new interest in alternative mechanisms for factfinding in criminal cases, including some recent suggestions for special "innocence procedures." Such procedures would be optional, and available only in cases in which the defendant claims factual innocence. Discussion about alternative methods of investigating and adjudicating facts in criminal cases inevitably renews longstanding debates about the relative merits of inquisitorial versus adversarial system. This article analyzes and critiques some of the recent suggestions for "innocence procedures," concluding that most do both too much and too little to enhance adjudicative reliability. The article then draws on the strengths of both the adversary and inquisitorial systems to propose an alternative model that might promise enhanced reliability, and thus both better justice and public safety.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 32
Keywords: adversarial, inquisitorial, inquisition, investigation, innocence, factfinding, prosecutors, criminal
JEL Classification: K42
Date posted: August 4, 2011 ; Last revised: March 4, 2012
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