Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1907924
 
 

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Environmental Regulations, Air and Water Pollution, and Infant Mortality in India


Michael Greenstone


Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Rema Hanna


Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

December 30, 2013

MIT Department of Economics Working Paper No. 11-11
HKS Working Paper No. RWP11-034

Abstract:     
Using the most comprehensive developing country dataset ever compiled on air and water pollution and environmental regulations, the paper assesses India’s environmental regulations with a difference-in-differences design. The air pollution regulations are associated with substantial improvements in air quality. The most successful air regulation resulted in a modest, but statistically insignificant decline in infant mortality. In contrast, the water regulations had no measurable benefits. The available evidence leads us to cautiously conclude that higher demand for air quality prompted the effective enforcement of air pollution regulations, indicating that strong public support allows environmental regulations to succeed in weak institutional settings.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 44

Keywords: Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Benefits of Environmental Regulations, India

JEL Classification: H2, Q5, Q2, O1, R5

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Date posted: August 11, 2011 ; Last revised: January 16, 2014

Suggested Citation

Greenstone, Michael and Hanna, Rema, Environmental Regulations, Air and Water Pollution, and Infant Mortality in India (December 30, 2013). MIT Department of Economics Working Paper No. 11-11; HKS Working Paper No. RWP11-034. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1907924 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1907924

Contact Information

Michael Greenstone (Contact Author)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics ( email )
50 Memorial Drive
E52-391
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Rema Hanna
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )
79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
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