Environmental Regulations, Air and Water Pollution, and Infant Mortality in India
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
July 1, 2011
MIT Department of Economics Working Paper No. 11-11
HKS Working Paper No. RWP11-034
Using the most comprehensive data file ever compiled on air pollution, water pollution, and environmental regulations from a developing country, the paper examines the effectiveness of India’s environmental regulations. The air pollution regulations were responsible for substantial improvements in air quality. The most successful air regulation resulted in a modest, but statistically insignificant decline in infant mortality. The water regulations had no measurable benefits. Qualitative and quantitative evidence suggests that higher relative demand for air quality prompted the effective enforcement of air pollution regulations, indicating that environmental regulation can succeed in weak institutional settings when there is strong public support.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 49
Keywords: Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Benefits of Environmental Regulations, India
JEL Classification: H2, Q5, Q2, O1, R5working papers series
Date posted: August 11, 2011 ; Last revised: February 20, 2013
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