Re-Assessment of the Impact of Epa’s Voluntary 33/50 Program on Toxic Releases
University of Florida
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics
March 7, 2011
Land Economic, Vol. 88, pp. 341-361, May 2012
This paper re-evaluates the effectiveness of EPA’s voluntary 33/50 program in reducing the releases of 17 high priority toxic chemicals for the 1988-1995 period. Contrary to previous studies that use program participation information at the firm level and find mixed evidence on the effectiveness of the program, our analysis uses participation status at the facility level and shows the importance of undertaking analysis at a disaggregated scale. We find the rate of reduction in releases was significantly higher for program participants than non-participants but the effect is attenuated when estimated using firm level participation data.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 49
Keywords: 33/50 program, Program evaluation, Toxics release inventory
JEL Classification: Q58, Q53, L60
Date posted: August 20, 2011 ; Last revised: August 26, 2013
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