Lineages of Citizenship in Montenegro
Jelena A. Džankic
University of Edinburgh
August 22, 2011
This paper explores the evolution of citizenship policies in Montenegro. It employs Richard Bellamy’s concept of the lineages of citizenship, which analyses the normative aspects of citizenship by looking at interactions between ‘state and society within a given national political community’. In unveiling the processes and the context that shaped the Montenegrin citizenship policies at different times, the paper examines the active relationship between three major aspects of citizenship: legal, political and identity/emotional. Following a historical overview of the development of citizenship policies, this paper focuses on the recent political circumstances that have shaped the normative aspects of citizenship. As such, it also triggers questions about what layer of identity the citizenship legislation in fact encapsulates. The final part of the paper examines the multivalence of citizenship in the context of Europeanisation. Transiting ‘the European route’ has, in fact, recalibrated the relationship between the legal, political and emotional/identity aspects of citizenship in Montenegro.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 38
Keywords: Montenegro, citizenship, identity, politics, lineages, multivalence, Yugoslavia, Roma, Europeanisation
JEL Classification: P30, K19, K10working papers series
Date posted: August 22, 2011
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