The Gender Gap in Economics: A Meta Analysis
University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh - Department of Economics
University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh
Western New England University
August 22, 2012
We use meta-regression analysis to investigate the extent and nature of the gender gap - that male students outperform otherwise equivalent female students in economics courses. We survey 65 studies containing 279 distinct regressions from the past 30 years and conclude that the gender gap is neither as pervasive nor as significant as generally believed. In only 39% of regressions reported in these studies did male students statistically significantly outperform their female counterparts. Using probit analysis, we also find evidence of a decreasing likelihood of identifying a gender gap over time, though study design continues to have a larger effect.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 31
Keywords: Gender Gap, Economics Education, Meta Regression Analysis
JEL Classification: A2, A20, A22working papers series
Date posted: August 23, 2011 ; Last revised: February 27, 2013
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