Don't Say You're Sorry Unless You Mean It: Pricing Apologies to Achieve Credibility
Murat C. Mungan
George Mason University School of Law
November 23, 2011
International Review of Law and Economics, 32, 2012
FSU College of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 546
FSU College of Law, Law, Business & Economics Paper No. 12-3
Remorse and apologies by offenders have not been rigorously analyzed in the law and economics literature. This is perhaps because apologies are regarded as 'cheap talk' and are deemed to be non-informative of an individual's conscious state. In this paper, I develop a formal framework in which one can analyze remorse and apologies. I argue that legal procedures can be designed to price apologies, such that only truly remorseful individuals apologize. Hence, apologies would not be mere 'cheap talk' and could send correct signals regarding an offender's true conscious state, making them credible. This will lead victims, upon receiving apologies, to forgive offenders more frequently. Moreover, pricing apologies does not negatively impact the possibility of achieving optimal deterrence. An (arguably negative) effect of pricing apologies is its elimination of insincere apologies. If it is assumed that apologies, even if insincere, carry rehabilitative and/or palliative benefits, then the optimality of pricing apologies depends on a trade-off between achieving credibility and increasing such rehabilitative and palliative benefits.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 35
Keywords: apology, crime and deterrence, remorse, optimal sanctions
Date posted: August 26, 2011 ; Last revised: July 25, 2012
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