International Business Leadership, Culture, and GMAT Scores: Evidence and Implications
University of Akron - Department of Finance
Joanne E. Goodell
Cleveland State University
John W. Goodell
University of Akron - Department of Finance, College of Business Administration
July 1, 2011
Prior literature has strongly affirmed the relationship between international business leadership and national culture. In addition, GMAT scores continue to be an important component of applications for admission to masters programs in business and are very important for managerial development in international business. However, like any standardized test, the GMAT favors narrow analytical skills often at the expense of broader leadership skills and GMAT scores may be unduly influenced by national culture. Given that there little prior literature in this area, we contribute by showing empirically that cultural differences have considerable influence on GMAT scores. Specifically, we document that GMAT scores are negatively related to the cultural dimensions of masculinity and power distance and are positively related to uncertainty avoidance and individualism. We estimate that cultural factors may account for as much as an 80-point difference in cross national mean GMAT scores and that they are also related negatively to national educational spending, wealth per capita, and women’s development. These findings have important implications for international business leadership and should be of interest to education scholars, business schools, and to managers interested in team work skills and corporate leadership.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 35working papers series
Date posted: September 2, 2011
© 2013 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
This page was processed by apollo7 in 0.547 seconds