Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1920927
 


 



Interventions Used by Colleges to Respond to Student Mental Health Crisis


John Monahan


University of Virginia School of Law

Richard J. Bonnie


University of Virginia - School of Law

Susan Davis


University of Virginia

Christopher A. Flynn


affiliation not provided to SSRN

August 1, 2011

Psychiatric Services, Forthcoming
Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2011-23

Abstract:     
Objective: This study examined interventions used by colleges to respond to students who appear to be experiencing mental health crises.

Methods: All public and private colleges in Virginia (N = 64) were surveyed regarding academic policies governing responses to apparent mental health crises experienced by students and the frequency with which these policies are invoked.

Results: The procedures most often used by 4-year colleges were parental notification (6 and 25 per 10,000 students at public and private colleges, respectively, leveraged medical withdrawal (29 and 25 per 10,000 students at public and private colleges, respectively), treatment linked to disciplinary sanction (302 and 1,704 per 10,000 students at public and private colleges, respectively), and monitoring by campus threat assessment teams (15 and 51 per 10,000 students at public and private colleges, respectively). Procedures for involuntary hospitalization and involuntary medical withdrawal were rarely invoked. Two-year community colleges, which lack on-campus counseling centers, were much less likely than four-year colleges to use any of these procedures.

Conclusions: Most 4-year colleges in Virginia, both public and private, occasionally invoke a variety of protective interventions to respond to apparent mental health crises experienced by their students, but the number of students annually affected by these policies is generally small. The main value of procedures for mandated or leveraged treatment in college may be to motivate students with mental illness to seek treatment voluntarily. Aside from sporadic use of threat assessment teams in extreme instances, community colleges lack the capacity to undertake any of these interventions.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 21

Accepted Paper Series


Download This Paper

Date posted: September 2, 2011 ; Last revised: September 6, 2011

Suggested Citation

Monahan, John and Bonnie, Richard J. and Davis, Susan and Flynn, Christopher A., Interventions Used by Colleges to Respond to Student Mental Health Crisis (August 1, 2011). Psychiatric Services, Forthcoming; Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2011-23. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1920927

Contact Information

John Monahan (Contact Author)
University of Virginia School of Law ( email )
580 Massie Road
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States
434-924-3632 (Phone)

Richard J. Bonnie
University of Virginia - School of Law ( email )
580 Massie Road
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States

Susan Davis
University of Virginia (UVA) ( email )
1400 University Ave
Charlottesville, VA 22903
United States
Christopher A. Flynn
affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 357
Downloads: 56
Download Rank: 220,076

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo1 in 0.375 seconds