The Content of Their Characters - J.D. Salinger, Holden Caulfield and Fredrik Colting
University of Washington - School of Law
September 4, 2011
Journal of the Copyright Society of the U.S.A., Vol. 59, No. 2, pp. 291-345, Winter 2012
University of Washington School of Law Research Paper No. 2011-23
This paper analyzes J. D. Salinger's recent suit against Fredrik Colting for infringing Salinger's copyright in, 'The Catcher in the Rye' and its character Holden Caulfield. The case has been widely noticed because the Second Circuit extended to copyright cases a heightened standard for injunctive relief that requires evidence of irreparable harm. Meanwhile, however, the court's certainty that Salinger should prevail on the merits has escaped much critique. To begin, I argue that the district court misread Colting's novel by mistaking his metafiction for a conventional sequel. I suggest two practical litigation strategies to avoid this outcome. Next, I fault the Second Circuit for adopting this error and further asserting that Colting's novel irreparably harmed Salinger by invading his "right not to speak." This rhetoric, if taken seriously, distorts the meaning of Section 107 of the Copyright Act and undermines the policy of the fair use defense. Paradoxically, it also enables district courts to issue injunctive relief even though plaintiffs have no evidence that an alleged infringement is causing them commercial harm.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 57
Keywords: copyright, fair use, equitable remedies, rhetoric, literature, literary character, Salinger, Holden Caulfield
JEL Classification: K00, K11, K41Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: September 5, 2011 ; Last revised: November 8, 2012
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