Stereotypes and Madrassas: Experimental Evidence from Pakistan
New University of Lisbon - Faculdade de Economia
Federal Reserve Bank of New York
May 6, 2011
RAND Working Paper Series WR- 859
Little is known about the behavior of Madrassa (Islamic religious seminaries) students, how Madrassas shape their behavior, and how other groups in their communities interact with them. To investigate this, we use experimental data that we collected from students pursuing bachelors-equivalent degrees in Madrassas and other educational institutions of distinct religious tendencies and socioeconomic background in Pakistan. First, we find that Madrassa students are the most trusting, exhibit the highest level of other-regarding behavior and expect others to be the most trustworthy. Evidence from a variety of identification strategies suggests that the higher pro-social behavior of Madrassa students can be attributed, at least in part, to Madrassa attendance. Second, there is a high level of trust among all groups. Third, within each institution group, we fail to find evidence of in-group bias or systematic out-group bias either in trust or tastes. Fourth, we find that students from certain backgrounds under-estimate the trustworthiness of Madrassa students.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 57
Keywords: Trust, Unconditional Other-regarding behavior, Identity, Religion, Expectations, Discrimination
JEL Classification: C91, C92, I20, Z12
Date posted: September 7, 2011 ; Last revised: December 15, 2011
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