Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1926721
 
 

Footnotes (115)



 


 



Curtailing Ecosystem Exportation: Ecosystem Services as a Basis to Reconsider Export-Driven Agriculture in Economies Highly Dependent on Agricultural Exports


James Thuo Gathii


Loyola University Chicago School of Law

Keith H. Hirokawa


Albany Law School

September 13, 2011

30 Virginia Environmental Law Journal 1 (2012);
Albany Law School Research Paper No. 20 of 2011-2012

Abstract:     
This essay explores the impact of export-driven agricultural policies on the governance of natural capital. Many developing countries have adopted trade liberalization policies that encourage the intensive production of export commodities such as coffee, tea, flowers, and green beans. The primary focus of such policies is maximizing agricultural productivity and global competitiveness, which have been identified as critical factors in promoting economic growth and reducing poverty.

When viewed from the perspective of ecosystem services, however, export-driven trade policies are problematic. Export-driven agricultural trade policies leave no incentive to preserve the natural capital upon which the very success of such trade policies is predicated. This essay argues that export-driven agricultural trade policies do not take into account their impact on ecosystem services. Yet, ecosystems provide critical services such as clean and ample water supplies, biodiversity, nutrient cycling, climate regulation, and carbon sequestration. These services are critical to the success of export driven agriculture. In fact, where ecosystem processes fail or are otherwise interrupted, man-made substitutes must be put in place at a substantial cost. In order for developing countries to maximize productivity, this essay argues that export-led trade policies must be sustainable and as such incorporate the need to sustain the productivity of natural capital.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 27

Keywords: ecosystem, agriculture, export

Accepted Paper Series





Download This Paper

Date posted: September 13, 2011 ; Last revised: October 13, 2012

Suggested Citation

Gathii, James Thuo and Hirokawa, Keith H., Curtailing Ecosystem Exportation: Ecosystem Services as a Basis to Reconsider Export-Driven Agriculture in Economies Highly Dependent on Agricultural Exports (September 13, 2011). 30 Virginia Environmental Law Journal 1 (2012); ; Albany Law School Research Paper No. 20 of 2011-2012. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1926721 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1926721

Contact Information

James Thuo Gathii (Contact Author)
Loyola University Chicago School of Law ( email )
25 East Pearson
Chicago, IL 60611
United States

Keith H. Hirokawa
Albany Law School ( email )
80 New Scotland Avenue
Albany, NY 12208
United States

Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 464
Downloads: 69
Download Rank: 203,532
Footnotes:  115

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo2 in 0.376 seconds