Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=1928768
 
 

Citations (1)



 


 



The Jurisprudence of Dignity


Leslie Meltzer Henry


University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law; Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics

September 16, 2011

University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 160, 2011
U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2011-42

Abstract:     
Few words play a more central role in modern constitutional law without appearing in the Constitution than dignity. The term appears in nearly one thousand Supreme Court opinions, but despite its popularity, dignity is a concept in disarray. Its meanings and functions are commonly presupposed, but rarely articulated. The result is a cacophony of uses so confusing that some critics argue the word ought to be abandoned altogether.

This Article fills a void in the literature by offering the first empirical study of Supreme Court opinions that invoke dignity, and then proposing a typology of dignity based on a Wittgensteinian analysis of those opinions. The dataset reveals three important findings. First, the Court’s reliance on dignity is increasing, and the Roberts Court is accelerating that trend. Second, in contrast to its past use, the more conservative Justices on the Court are now as likely to invoke dignity as their more liberal counterparts. Finally, the dataset demonstrates that dignity is not one concept, as other scholars have theorized, but rather that dignity admits of five related conceptions.

The typology refers to these conceptions of dignity as: institutional status as dignity, liberty as dignity, equality as dignity, personal integrity as dignity, and collective virtue as dignity. This Article traces each type of dignity to its epistemic origins and describes the substantive dignitary interests each protects. Importantly, the typology offers more than a clarification of the conceptual chaos surrounding dignity. It provides tools to track the Court’s use of different types of dignity over time. This permits us to detect doctrinally transformative moments, in such areas as state sovereign immunity and abortion jurisprudence, which arise from shifting conceptions of dignity.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 65

Accepted Paper Series





Download This Paper

Date posted: September 16, 2011 ; Last revised: December 22, 2011

Suggested Citation

Henry, Leslie Meltzer, The Jurisprudence of Dignity (September 16, 2011). University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 160, 2011; U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2011-42. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1928768

Contact Information

Leslie Meltzer Henry (Contact Author)
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law ( email )
500 West Baltimore Street
Baltimore, MD 21201-1786
United States
410-706-4480 (Phone)
Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics ( email )
United States
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 1,318
Downloads: 277
Download Rank: 63,591
Citations:  1

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo4 in 0.469 seconds