De la 'Forteresse Europe' à une Confédération Démocratique: Visions Roumaines sur la Construction Européenne Pendant la Deuxième Guerre Mondiale (From the 'Fortress Europe' to a Democratic Confederation: Romanian Visions on the European Construction During the World War II)
European Institute of Romania
May 13, 2011
European Integration Realities and Perspectives Proceedings, Vol. 6, 2011
The end of the First World War, with its dramatic changes, opens up the way for a fresh thing as regards Europe. From now on we will be dealing with a thinking balancing between two extremes. On one hand we will have the idea of a Confederation, a union of equals, free and democratic states. On the other side there is the vision of a united Europe under a totalitarian regime, a continent whose frontiers are gone due to the brute force of a totalitarian regime. The start of the Second World War will first favor the Nazi totalitarian ideas on the future of Europe. We will have then a united Europe under the German rule, with a dominant master race. On the opposite side the democratic speech on Europe tends to continue the Inter-war ideals. The Romanian thinkers are also influenced by the European ideas. If in the beginning their speech was influenced by the totalitarian influence, later on, as the tide of war changes they will go toward a more democratic version of the European construction. Europe must be united, the states must be equals and every European coordination mechanism must take into consideration the national sovereignty.
Note: Downloadable document is in French.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 7
Keywords: democracy, European unity, totalitarian regimes
JEL Classification: B25, B30, H00, N14, N44, O52, R50, Z00Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: September 25, 2011
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