References (26)



The Digital Scarlet Letter: The Effect of Online Criminal Records on Crime

Dara Lee Luca

Harvard Kennedy School; University of Missouri-Columbia

November 1, 2011

How does public access to criminal records affect crime? Economic theory suggests that expanding access to criminal information may increase the cost of crime to potential criminals by endangering their future work prospects and thus act as a deterrent. However, increased provision of information could also obstruct ex-convicts from finding legal employment and lead to higher recidivism rates. I exploit the state and time variation in the introduction of state-maintained online criminal databases – which represent a sharp drop in the cost and effort of gaining criminal background information on another person – to empirically investigate the trade-off between deterrence and recidivism. I find that online criminal records lead to a small net reduction in property crime rates, but also a marked increase of approximately 11 percent in recidivism among ex-offenders.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 39

Keywords: crime, recidivism, criminal records

JEL Classification: K14, K4, H4

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Date posted: October 7, 2011 ; Last revised: January 9, 2012

Suggested Citation

Luca, Dara Lee, The Digital Scarlet Letter: The Effect of Online Criminal Records on Crime (November 1, 2011). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1939589 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1939589

Contact Information

Dara Lee Luca (Contact Author)
Harvard Kennedy School ( email )
79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
University of Missouri-Columbia ( email )
226 Professional Bldg
Department of Economics
Columbia, MO Columbia 65211
United States
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References:  26

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