The Impact of House Prices on Household Debt When Controlling for Home Ownership
Dag Henning Jacobsen
affiliation not provided to SSRN
Central Bank of Norway
October 6, 2011
Norges Bank Working Paper No. 2011/08
We analyze the effect of house price changes on debt secured on dwellings in Norway. To this end, we use both macro time series and micro panel data. With the intention of being both a cross-check and motivation for the micro analysis, we estimate a structural vector auto regression using macro variables. A key result of the macro analysis is that positive house price innovations have positive and persistent effects on households debt secured on dwellings. Results from the micro data analysis suggest that the effect of house price changes on the borrowing decision differs from the effect on the installment decision among existing home owners. These results are further investigated trough a two stage model where we control for income, collateral value and age. The model predicts that the size of both loans and installments increase with income. Loan sizes increase and the installments fall with increasing collateral value. The results support the existence of a wealth channel but do not provide support for a collateral channel.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 24
Keywords: VAR, house prices, mortgage equity withdrawal, logit model, micro panel data
JEL Classification: C25, C32, D12, D14, E21working papers series
Date posted: October 6, 2011
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